Running Landing

Purpose: To demonstrate an approach and landing when sufficient power for hovering is not available due to high gross weight and/or density altitude and/or power limitations.

Cyclic: Pitch Attitude/Airspeed; Ground Track; Rate of Closure
Collective: Rate of Descent; Angle of Approach
Pedals Trim (Above 50 ft AGL); Heading (Below 50 ft AGL)

Description:

  • From a stabilized 3 foot hover, note the hover power..
  • Maximum power for this maneuver will be 2″ MAP less than power required to hover.

  • On Final approach, the aircraft should be aligned into the wind and with the point of intended touchdown, 60 KIAS and 300 feet AGL.
  • When a shallow approach angle (5 degrees) is intercepted, begin the approach by smoothly lowering the collective.  This will cause the aircraft to descend.
  • Begin a slow deceleration with aft cyclic while maintaining the approach angle by reducing the collective.
  • Plan to arrive at the point of touchdown slightly above ETL.
  • Prior to ground contact, ensure the helicopter is at a level attitude.
  • Use maximum maneuver power to cushion touchdown, flat, level skids, while maintaining heading with pedals, track with cyclic, and slowly lowering collective for braking action.

Note: Maintain forward cyclic position once ground contact is made, do not bring the cyclic aft.


Private ACS Commercial PTS
Airspeed  Maintain ETL  Maintain ETL
Must maintain ground track with crosswind correction if necessary
Common Errors

  1. Improper use of controls.
  2. Improper approach angle.
  3. Failure to maintain heading and/or ground track.
  4. Loss of effective translational lift prior to touchdown.
  5. Town down with excessive ground speed.
  6. Failure to touch down with level attitude.
  7. Failure to maintain directional control after touchdown.
Safety Considerations

  1. Positive exchange of controls
  2. Guard Controls in the event the student applies abrupt control inputs
  3. Maintain awareness of surrounding environment (i.e. airport environment, aircraft, and terrain). Special emphasis should be placed on density altitude, winds and gross weight
  4. Maintain level attitude for ground contact
  5. Keep skids aligned with the direction of ground track
  6. Special emphasis must be placed on ensuring the aircraft is straight prior and during the ground slide.  DO NOT let the heading move